At Scarbrough Family Eyecare, we provide an array of vision care services. Our office offers a wide selection of eye care products, including eyewear, sunwear, and contact lenses to fit your specific eye care needs. Our mission is to provide quality service and products at reasonable pricing.
What to Expect
Why do so many people skip their annual eye exam? We believe it's because they don't know what to expect. For this reason, we feel it's important to outline the process so you can feel comfortable knowing there's nothing to worry about.
Upon your arrival, our receptionist will welcome you as a member of our practice. We will ask you to complete a few forms. If you prefer to complete them in advance in the comfort of your home, the forms may be found in the New Patient Center. This paperwork provides us with your health history and other information related to providing you with the best vision solutions.
Comprehensive Eye Examination
Periodic eye and vision examinations are an important part of preventative health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs of symptoms, so you might not know a problem exists. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems can help prevent vision loss.
Each patient’s signs and symptoms, along with your optometrist’s professional judgment, will determine what tests your optometrist conducts. A comprehensive adult eye and vision examination may include, but is not limited to, the following tests.
The doctor will ask about any eye or vision problems you are currently having and about your overall health. In addition, a patient history will include when your eye and vision symptoms began, medications you are taking, and any work-related or environmental conditions that may be affecting your vision. The will also ask about any previous eye or health conditions you and your family have experienced.
Visual acuity measurements evaluate how clearly each eye is seeing. Reading charts are often used to measure visual acuity. As part of the testing, you will read letters on charts at a distance and near.
The results of visual acuity testing are written as a fraction, such as 20/40. The top number in the fraction is the standard distance at which testing is done (20 feet). The bottom number is the smallest letter size you were able to read. A person with 20/40 visual acuity would have to get within 20 feet to see a letter that should be seen clearly at 40 feet. Normal distance visual acuity is 20/20.
An optometrist may first want to look at specific aspects of your visual function and eye health. Preliminary tests can include evaluations of depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movements, peripheral or side vision, and the way your pupils respond to light.
Refraction determines the lens power you need to compensate for any refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism). Using an instrument called a phoropter, your optometrist places a series of lenses in front of your eyes. He or she then measures how these lenses focus light using a handheld lighted instrument called a retinoscope. Your doctor may choose to use an instrument that automatically evaluates the focusing power of the eye. The lens power is then refined based your input on the lenses that give you the clearest vision.
This testing can be done without eye drops to determine how the eyes respond under normal seeing conditions. However, an optometrist will use eye drops with patients who can't respond verbally or when some of the eyes' focusing power may be hidden. The drops temporarily keep the eyes from changing focus during testing.
Eye Focusing, Eye Teaming, and Eye Movement Testing
To see a clear, single image, the eyes must effectively change focus, move and work in unison. An assessment of accommodation, ocular motility and binocular vision determines how well your eyes focus, move and work together. This testing will look for problems that keep your eyes from focusing effectively or make using both eyes together difficult.
Eye Health Evaluation
Your optometrist may need to perform additional tests based on the results of the previous tests. These tests can help confirm or rule out possible problems, clarify uncertain findings or provide a more in-depth assessment.
At the completion of the examination, your optometrist will evaluate all the test results to determine a diagnosis. He or she will discuss with you any visual or eye health problems and explain treatment options. In some cases, your optometrist may refer you to another optometrist or other health care provider for consultation or treatment.
Additional testing may be needed based on the results of the previous tests to confirm or rule out possible problems, to clarify uncertain findings, or to provide a more in-depth assessment.
At the completion of the examination, your optometrist will assess and evaluate the results of the testing to determine a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan. He or she will discuss with you the nature of any visual or eye health problems found and explain available treatment options. In some cases, referral for consultation with, or treatment by, another optometrist or other health care provider may be indicated.
If you have questions about any diagnosed eye or vision conditions, or treatment recommendations, don't hesitate to ask your doctor for additional information or explanation.
Comprehensive Diagnostic Technology
Corneal Topography System
Humphrey ATLAS Model 995
-a diagnostic instrument that measures the curvature of the cornea of the eye, and produces a topographical map. The information can be used to help diagnose eye pathology and make surgical decisions for LASIK.
VISUCAM Digital Camera
-suitable for photographing, displaying and storing data relating to the retina and surrounding parts of the eye under dilated and non-dilated conditions. These photographs assist with diagnosis and monitoring of eye diseases.
Macular Pigment Testing
ZeaVision QuantifEye MPS II
-a macular pigment measuring instrument. Macular Pigment Optical Density (MPOD) measurements allow EyeCare Professionals to assess a key Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) risk factor - low macular pigment - as well as other visual performance challenges.
OCT - Optical Coherence Tomography
-an essential tool for diagnosing and managing retinal diseases and glaucoma. This instrument allows visualization of pathology in deeper layers of the retina that are not visible on the surface. It is very important in diagnosing and monitoring macular degeneration.
Visual Field Testing
Humphrey Field Analyzer II
-an eye examination that can detect dysfunction in central and peripheral vision which may be caused by various medical conditions such as glaucoma, stroke, brain tumors or other neurological deficits
Optomap - Ultra-Widefield Retinal Imaging
-a retinal imaging device that allows for early detection of life-threatening diseases like cancer, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. Optomap helps the doctor detect early signs of retinal disease more effectively and efficiently than with traditional eye exams.